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In the Metaporhosis, the German novelist Franz Kafka warns that capitalism harbours inevitable changes that will result ultimately in loneliness and horror. He does so with a prophecy that women will replace men in the 20th-century workforce, to their detriment. The Metamorphosis deals with an absurd, or wildly irrational, event, which in itself suggests that the story operates in a random, chaotic universe. The absurd event is Gregor's waking up to discover he has turned into a giant insect, and since it's so far beyond the boundaries of a natural occurrence, Gregor's metamorphosis takes on a supernatural significance. Throughout ?The Metamorphosis, industrialism is expressed in a precise technical writing style using the themes of work, buying power, and dehumanisation through working too much. All this makes the story seem very factory-like as it warns us to find meaning aside from work and to beware victimisation, parasitic relationships, and abusers. However, these are exactly the issues we face today.